Ok Neuro nerds… here’s a quick case to test your diagnostic skills. It is one of those common scenarios we see.
35 year old man presents for the 5th day in a row complaining of the same headache he came in with on the 1st day!
He is usually fit and well, but has been prone to headaches over the years – never really diagnosed.
He describes the headache as being very similar each day, starting at various times during the day. He get sharp, boring intense pain around his right eye which throbs into his temple. He describes spasm of pain which last for 10 – 20 minutes and then fade to a dull ache. He has noticed his right eye waters a lot during the attacks and nothing seems to help. The pin is disabling in intensity and he needs to stop doing whatever he is doing and go sit / lay down until it passes. In between attacks he is pain free but is starting to feel apprehensive – as he knows it is coming back!
There is accompanying nausea but no vomiting. No real photophoia or odynophobia. He cannot recall any aura or visual symptoms prior to these headaches.
He has been under some stress lately at work and this week his boss has had a go at him for “slacking off” and suspects these headaches are artifactual! There has been tension about money in the business for weeks.
Looking back through the chart of the past 4 visits – he has had a range of treatments – paracetamol, hot compresses, IM ketroloac, aspirin, caffeine, oral tramadol and oxygen therapy.
Nobody has been able to document any focal neurological signs of neck stiffness. He has had no syncope or trauma.
Ah 0 easy you think! Classical cluster headache – we can fix this with high flow oxygen pronto!
As you make a move to place a Hudson mask over his face he slaps it away….
“Everyone has tried that all week! It hasn’t helped. It just annoys me and I feel claustrophobic with that mask on.!!”
Hmmm…. maybe not so typical.
So what is going on?
Q1: What is the probable diagnosis?
Q2: What is the treatment of choice?
Q3: Will you get any neuro imaging? This is day 5! Is this something nasty?