This is the scariest case I have done for a while, strap yourself in it is a tough one! Going to lay it out and let you guys tell me how you would approach it as it is one of those scenarios where there are a lot of decisions made and resources mobilised in an instant. Apologies to the Specialists reading this – we are going to cross some departmental divides in rapid fire on this case!
It is 6:00 AM, you are coming to the end of a long night shift. It is quiet now, you are fighting the Sandman! Suddenly the ambulance phone rings…. ” we are bringing in a 20 yo woman who might have an ectopic, suffering abdo pain for a few hours and now has had a PV bleed. She thinks she is pregnant, though not sure of dates…”
OK, now you are awake. You go into the Resus bay and get your big IVs, some warm fluids, and emergency drugs ready. Maybe wake up the lab crew if she looks unstable and needing some red cells. You even call the Obs/Gynae surgeon to let them know she might be required sooonish.. will let her know.
5 minutes later the ambo crew arrive. Things seem calm, the patient is not in much pain, there is however a lot of blood on the trolley as you transfer her over. You start taking the history and reaching for the IV when she starts screaming… AH AH, AH “There it goes again”. The penny drops, she is in labour. A quick feel of her belly reveals a fundus at the umbilicus which is hard and contracting. Time to switch algorithms friends.
OK, you call for the midwife from the labour ward to attend ASAP. The patients obs: P = 130, BP 80/50, RR 20, she is grunting with contractions, there is a lot of blood coming PV now. IV fluids running in and you ask for the lab to bring O neg ASAP and process your bloods urgently.
As the midwife arrives you glove up for an examination – time to play Obstetrician. We need to know where we are on the partogram to make the next call – imminent delivery or off to theatre. The Midwife is searching for a fetal pulse with the Doppler – there is a heart rate of about 200. You have a look, blood, blood, blood – but wait what is that… you feel a tiny foot protruding from the nearly fully dilated cervix. Time to change algorithms again. We need back up, pronto. Get the OBs doc in here ASAP please… BUT – she is out on an early morning ride about 15 minutes out-of-town! Bugger.
You call for the Neonatal Resus cot and all the paraphernalia ASAP. But as it is arriving Mum-to-be give a big cry and delivers a breach. No time to waste you need to get that bub out. You can feel the umbilical cord pulsing, but it is fast and weak. One more contraction and the head is out… followed by a huge blood clot and a gush of fresh red blood.
The young lady is looking pale, clammy and nor has a pulse of 150, BP = 70/40. What to do?
The baby is tiny, we are not accustomed to guessing weights and gestation at this stage. Initially he took a few gasps of air but is now apneic – you pick him up and onto the Resus cot. A, B…. is this the right thing to do? How can we work out gestation, viability of a resus?
Meanwhile the midwife has jumped in and managed the third stage – but the cord has broken and the placenta remains in utero, the bleeding is continuing… she needs to go to theatre to fix this.
If it comes down to a choice of resources do we take mother to theatre, your back-up is still a way off. Do we keep resuscitating this baby, who hasn’t taken any spontaneous breaths since you started IPPV and is looking pretty floppy but has a pulse of 110/min?
OK team. This isn’t a real case – but I have been through a few similar ones over the years – and they are scary!
There is a 30 minute Google Hangout discussion on Case 074 now available!
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